Is all the typing required to declare an HTML comment getting you down? Do you
never want to type another
<!-- -->, or maybe you want to send less bytes down
the wire giving customers your site moments earlier!?
What if I told you the 7 bytes making up
<!----> could be reduced to just 3 bytes:
These all result in the browser inserting a comment node:
<!--Normal HTML comment--> <?Bogus HTML comment> </ Another bogus HTML comment> <!Yet another bogus comment>
Don’t believe me, try it out in the browser developer tools or take a look at this sample!
What is going on here?
The Bogus comment state is defined in the Parsing HTML documents specification, so we can see exactly why the comments are created.
When a less-than sign (
<) is encountered, we switch to the tag open state. In tag open state, if the next character consumed is a question mark (
?), then create a comment node and reconsume in bogus comment state.
And that is how we get a comment node for only 3 bytes!
As some fun homework, trace the states in the tokenizer specification to find out how:
</ this comment gets to bogus comment state>, or